Country reports

Country reports


If you want to get the bigger picture of literacy in a specific European country but lack the time to plough through different international reports, read various statistics and talk to the national experts, we have good news for you!
At ELINET, literacy experts have come together and taken over this task for you. We have screened a breadth of available qualitative and quantitative research data, compiled reliable and up-to-date reports and condensed the most relevant information on literacy performance and policies into an executive summary. These reports give you the state of literacy up to the year 2016 at a glance covering:

– all age-groups
– all relevant policy areas
– all important aspects and challenges
– in every single country.

We have compiled reports on each European country where ELINET has one or more partners. For countries with marked differences in educational systems of different regions, we have produced two reports. This is the case for Belgium and the United Kingdom. For Germany, however, there is one report generalising as far as possible across the 16 federal Länder.

In most cases we publish separate Long Reports for specific age groups (Children / Adolescents and Adults), in some cases we publish Comprehensive Reportscovering all age groups. Additionally, for all 30 countries, we publish Short Reportscovering all age groups, containing the summary of performance data and policy messages of the Long Reports.

Frame of reference for the country reports

What we mean by certain terms and what theoretical ground we stand on in ELINET, you can read in The Frame of Reference of the Country Reports

All reports refer to 4 appendices

Appendix A provides information on criteria for the choice of indicators and the chosen indicators for the pre-primary age group.

For each of these indicators Appendix B contains a table with numbers of the European countries participating in ELINET.

Appendix C has been created using the international database for PIRLS 2011 – and contains separate tables for all information reported. If countries did not participate in PIRLS 2011, data for PIRLS 2006 are referred to.

Appendix D contains this information for PIRLS 2006 data, as well as achievement data for PIRLS 2001.


Country reports

Austria Czech Republic Finland Iceland Netherlands Slovenia
Belgium (Flemish Community) Cyprus France Ireland Norway Spain
Belgium (French Community) Denmark Germany Italy Portugal Sweden
Bulgaria England Greece Lithuania Romania Switzerland
Croatia Estonia Hungary Malta Scotland Turkey



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